On the 10th anniversary of his death, December 17, 2021, the League of Young Communists (LYC) honors the memory of Kim Jong Il. Kim was born on February 16th, 1941 in the USSR in a military camp not far from the Siberian city of Vladivostok, close to the Korean border. His father, Kim Il Sung, who had been fighting Japanese imperialists on both sides of the Chinese-Korean border and belonged to the Chinese communist party, had crossed into the USSR and joined the Red Army.
At an early age, Kim Jong Il became involved with the DPRK’s Democratic Youth League and later the Worker’s Party of Korea. He published works starting at age 23. In 1991, Kim became Supreme Commander of the Korean People’s Army. His father died in 1994 and Kim assumed leadership of the DPRK. He was elected General Secretary of the party in 1997.
Kim continued the nuclear program started by his father in order to guarantee the independence and inviolability of the country. The 1990s were a difficult period due to the dissolution of the USSR, but Kim managed to maintain and increase the GDP, develop trade with China, and reduce tensions with South Korea. Kim Jong Il died in December 2011 and was succeeded by his son Kim Jong Un who became one of the world’s youngest heads of state. Kim Jong Il was a theoretician of Marxism-Leninism and of Juche, its application to the conditions of Korea, and is the author of many works.